Monsoon refers to the seasonal reversal of winds along with corresponding changes in precipitation. The primary reason behind Monsoon is a shift in global wind patterns, causing excessive rainfall. We are proving essay on Monsoon which will help you kid in their school examination.
Essay on Monsoon (200 Words)
Monsoon is the most important season in the Indian year. India is an agricultural country, and many agricultural crops depend on the monsoon. A good monsoon means prosperity, excess of monsoon indicates floods and if there will be no monsoon it causes drought and famine. The monsoon reaches India in the month of June, firstly on the south at western coasts of Kerala. Winds are full of moisture, and when they come in contact with the cool heights of Himalayan mountains, clouds formed, which later condense into heavy rains all over the country as monsoon. In a good monsoon, the rainy season continues till the end of September month.
Before monsoon arrives, the heat is high and intolerable. After few days the sun blazes down from an unclouded sky. This change is just beautiful. The air becomes cool and moist; the sun’s heat get moderated by the clouds, the dry parched land is instantly get covered with green vegetation and the farmers become busy in plugging and soaking the rain – soaked land for the kharif or autumn crops.
The rainy season, though a pleasant relief from the fierce heat, But it has its disadvantages too. Swarms of insects, flying ants, mosquitoes, etc. spreads in large proportions.
Essay on Monsoon (300 Words)
What is Monsoon?
The monsoon is referred to the rainy season. In India, it arrives in the middle of June and continues till 1st week of September. Monsoons are yearly changing weather phenomenon. it is caused by interconnection of the Sun and the earth. The sky remains mostly cloudy. The heat of the sun raises the temperature of the water on the earth. So, water starts evaporating and fills vapour in the atmosphere and forming clouds that later causing rain. The south-west monsoon wind causes heavy rainfall in India as compared to other parts. It is impossible to tell when the monsoon season is going to arrive, how much rain will fall this season, and for how much time it continues.
In India, we get rainfall for 3-4 months. The agriculture of our country mainly depends upon rainfall. During monsoon season, the ground water is refilled. The wells, lakes, ponds and reservoirs are filled with rain water. Without rain-water, these lands would turn into desert.
Effect of Monsoons
When the monsoon arrives due to heavy rain this season becomes destructive to some areas. The water gets soaks into the ground below and later it causes floods. As a result the flood runs down to lower areas causing land slides and washes everything. Large acres of land got damaged and most of the land is usually farm land. This later causes famine to the people living in that area. Heavy rains can cause massive traffic jams, chaos on streets and bring parts of the city to a halt.
Due to heavy rainfall thousands of crops get damaged and thousands of farm animals died. Millions of dollars were donated to help the area regain its lost. As a result country’s economy get affected Caused shortage of Food throughout the region cause hunger. Tourism also get affected by this because the tourists don’t want to travel into disaster zones.
Essay on Monsoon (500 Words)
The monsoon usually begins in the first week of June in many parts of India and it continuous till the month of September. In India coming of the monsoons signals a relief from the summer’s heat. Monsoons are crucial for India’s farmers who are dependent on rain rather than irrigation for most summer crops like rice, sugar cane, cotton and oilseeds. Adequate rainfall is vital to ensure a good crop yield.
When monsoon starts, people are seen to excavate their umbrellas and raincoats. Students are seen going to school with the colourful raincoats and umbrellas and seem very excited to go out in the rain. Sometimes when there is very heavy rainfall, life comes to a standstill during. It affect the daily routine in many ways like Traffic jams, flooded lanes and by lanes, people waddling in the floods are a common to be seen in the monsoon season. Most of all, a ‘rainy day’ holiday is always welcome in this season.
The monsoon season is a blessing for the farmers in India. Farmers in India await the monsoons, during the monsoon the fields, crops, trees and plants become alive. It is vital that the rains come in time or if monsoons delayed it may cause drought; and agriculture also gets affected. As a result the rate of food grains, vegetables and fruits get increase. Despite modern techniques of farming, the monsoon rains is an accumulation for the farmers and his fields, which in turn is the source of our sustenance. A variety of plants, vegetables and crops grow in the monsoons. Dry rivers are filled by the rains which are a source of water for many in India.
In many parts of India, people even turn to rituals to induce the start of the monsoon. Farmers in the eastern state of India like in Orissa, practise frog marriage to appease their rain gods to bring monsoon.
The monsoon season is not devoid of its disadvantages. Sometimes the blessings of this season are turned into a execration on account natural calamities and disasters. Sometimes when the monsoons do not come on time, droughts can occur or if Very heavy rainfall happens it causes great damage to crops. As well as overflowing of rivers causes floods that damages property, crops and loss of life. In urban areas the street dwellers get affected by the monsoons badly. Several diseases such as malaria, dengue, typhoid and cholera are likely to occur during the monsoon season.
The monsoon rainfall is very uncertain. It may arrive too early and vacillate for a long period or it may arrive too late. It may cause heavy rainfall in some parts of country and too less in others. It may course floods or droughts. So the Indian present lives are at the kindness of the monsoon. Thus the arriving of the monsoons heralds a message of creation; and the aroma of rain in air brings us back to life after the scorching heat of the summer.