manual testing interview questions: Top 50 Manual Testing Interview Questions and Answers



You have made it to the interview. You are one step closer to becoming a tester! It’s time now to impress your interviewer with your knowledge and experience. These questions will help you prepare for your next job interview as a manual tester.

What is test automation?

Test automation is the process of automating a software testing activity. There are many different types of test automation, but there are two broad categories:

  • White box testing (or structural)
  • Black box testing (or functional).

Why do we need testing?

Testing is an important step in the software development life cycle. It is done to ensure that a product meets its requirements, it is of high quality and meets the customer’s expectations.

The main purpose of testing is to find defects before they are released into production environment.

What are different types of testing?

  • Unit testing: This is a type of testing that tests individual units of source code, such as methods or functions.
  • System testing: This type of testing verifies that an application works as a whole, but not yet at the user level. It’s done with an incomplete set of data and/or simulated users (e.g., automated scripts).
  • Acceptance testing: This is done at the user level and focuses on whether an application meets its requirements or not by simulating real-world scenarios (e.g., manual testers). It’s typically performed by business analysts or product owners who use their knowledge about business requirements to define acceptance criteria before handing off tests to testers who then validate those criteria against the system under test (SUT). Acceptance criteria should cover all possible outcomes so testers can’t just pass by failing one test without completing all others first; this ensures thoroughness but also makes finding problems more difficult because there are many combinations when working in parallel with multiple people performing different tasks simultaneously!

How to create a test suite?

A test suite should cover all the requirements.

A good test suite is easy to maintain, execute and report on.

It also needs to be flexible enough for you to fix bugs in it easily as well.

What is test plan and test strategy?

  • Test plan is a document that specifies the scope, approach, resources, and schedule of the overall testing effort.
  • The test strategy defines the overall testing objectives and the general approach to achieving them.

What is the difference between exploratory testing and scripted testing?

Exploratory testing is a manual software testing technique in which the tester is directed to execute a test case at their own discretion.

Scripted testing is a manual software testing technique in which the tester is directed to execute a test case according to a script (i.e., an automated test script).

What is the difference between unit and integration testing?

Unit Testing:

Unit testing is the process of testing individual units of source code. This can be done by using automated tools or manually by programmers. It focuses on one function at a time, making sure that it works as expected in isolation from other functions.

Integration Testing: Integration testing occurs when we combine multiple units together to form an integrated system and then test it as a whole. This can also be done with automated tools that allow us to simulate user interactions with our application by sending HTTP requests in order to verify how each component interacts with its dependencies

Describe the process of manual testing.

  • What is the process of manual testing?
  • How does it differ from automated testing?
  • Describe the different phases of manual testing, including planning and execution.
  • What are the different types of manual testing?
  • What techniques can be used in performing manual tests?

What are the different types of defects found during manual testing and how can they be resolved?

The following are some of the different types of defects found during manual testing:

  • Defects found during automated testing.
  • Integration defects that were not caught by unit and integration testing, but were detected during system or user acceptance testing. These are typically caused by changes in one component being introduced into another component without any tests being updated to reflect this change. For example, if you change how one component works internally but don’t update its API so other components can still use it correctly, then there may be inconsistencies between how those two components work together when they’re integrated later on in development (for example, if one component uses a timestamp value from another component). This can lead to unexpected behavior when both pieces are used together–and thus a defect!

Interview questions for manual testers.

Manual testing is the process of executing a test case by hand.

It is also known as “black box” testing, because it does not involve any internal knowledge about the system under test (SUT). Manual testers are responsible for executing tests and reporting defects when they find them.

Manual testers have to follow certain steps while performing their duties:

  • Create Test Cases – Manual testers create the test cases based on requirements and specifications provided by the business stakeholders or clients. They also make sure that these tests cover all possible scenarios within a given time frame or budget constraints set by management teams. This is one of most important activities done by manual testers because it helps improve overall quality standards across multiple projects/products developed by organizations such as yours!
  • Test Execution – After creating new sets of automated scripts or toolsets used during run-time environments such as JIRA tickets containing bug reports submitted by developers who were unable to fix bugs themselves due lack knowledge required specific skill sets which only exist inside mindsets belonging solely those individuals called “Testers”.


We hope that you found this article helpful in preparing for your next interview. As we mentioned earlier, these questions can be asked in many different formats and styles by different companies. The key is to answer them honestly and confidently so that your skills shine through!

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    Are you preparing for a manual testing interview and looking for some guidance on the most common questions? Look no further! As a content writer and SEO expert, I’ve compiled a list of the top 50 manual testing interview questions and answers to help you ace your next interview. But before we dive in, let’s discuss what manual testing is, why it’s important, and the key skills needed to be an effective manual tester. Whether you’re new to the field or have years of experience under your belt, this article will provide valuable insights into acing your next interview.

    What is manual testing?

    Manual testing is a critical part of the software development cycle. It’s a process that involves executing test cases manually without using any automation tools or scripts. The goal of manual testing is to identify defects or bugs in the system under test (SUT) and ensure that it meets the requirements specified by stakeholders.

    In manual testing, testers perform various activities such as creating test cases, executing them, reporting defects, and validating fixes. They also need to have a deep understanding of the SUT’s functionality and business logic to be able to identify potential issues.

    Manual testing can be done at different levels including unit, integration, system/integration, acceptance/user acceptance level depending on the type of tests being performed. Testers can use several techniques like exploratory testing or regression testing during this process.

    While automated tests are faster and more efficient than manual ones for repetitive tasks; some scenarios require human intuition which cannot be replaced with machines. Manual testers play an essential role in ensuring software quality before release into production environments.

    Why is manual testing important?

    Manual testing is essential in ensuring the quality and functionality of a software product. It involves the manual execution of test cases to identify bugs, defects, and issues that may not be detected by automated testing tools.

    One reason why manual testing is significant is because it provides an accurate assessment of how users interact with the system. Manual testers can simulate real-world scenarios where users encounter different problems while using the software. This approach ensures that the application meets user expectations and performs as intended.

    Manual testing also enables testers to detect visual layout issues such as alignment errors, color discrepancies, or font size inconsistencies. These types of defects can only be identified through human observation since they are subjective and cannot be accurately tested by automation tools.

    Moreover, manual testing allows for exploratory testing which involves identifying unexpected behavior or anomalies within the application that were not originally planned for during development. Exploratory Testing helps find critical bugs early on in development before it becomes too costly to fix them.

    In summary, despite advancements in automated testing technology over recent years, there’s still a strong need for manual testers who bring their own expertise and experience to ensure high-quality results that meet end-user requirements.

    What are the benefits of manual testing?

    Manual testing has been an important part of the software development cycle for a long time. While automation testing has gained popularity in recent years, manual testing still holds its own unique benefits.

    One such benefit is that it allows testers to test scenarios and use cases that might be challenging or impossible to automate. This means that manual testing can catch bugs and issues that automated tests might miss.

    Manual testing also provides more flexibility and adaptability than automated testing. Testers can adjust their approach based on what they are observing during the test, making it easier to identify potential problems and find solutions quickly.

    Another advantage of manual testing is that it allows testers to have a better understanding of the application under test. By manually executing tests, testers can gain valuable insights into how the application works in real-world scenarios, which can help them improve the quality of their work.

    Additionally, manual testing helps build stronger communication between team members. Manual testers often collaborate closely with developers and other stakeholders throughout the development process, fostering greater collaboration within teams.

    All in all, while automation may seem like an attractive option due to speed and efficiency reasons – there are many advantages when using manual methods as well!

    What are the key skills for a manual tester?

    To excel in manual testing, certain skills are essential. The first key skill is attention to detail. Manual testers need to have the ability to spot even the smallest of defects and errors that could potentially cause significant problems.

    Another crucial skill for manual testers is critical thinking. They should be able to analyze a problem from different angles and come up with unique solutions quickly. Communication skills are also vital as they help facilitate collaboration between teams, report bugs effectively and communicate project progress.

    Manual testers should possess excellent time management abilities. Project timelines can be tight, so quick turnarounds on test cases are necessary without sacrificing quality or accuracy.

    An understanding of various programming languages, databases and operating systems will make it easier for manual testers when working with developers, debugging issues, and executing tests.

    Lastly but not least important is adaptability as technology advances constantly; it’s critical for manual testers who work on software products to stay updated with emerging trends in their field while adapting accordingly.

    In summary, being detail-oriented with strong communication skills combined with technological knowledge will enable one to succeed in this field of work.

    What are the most common interview questions for manual testers?

    When it comes to interviewing for a manual testing position, there are some common questions that you can expect to be asked. These questions will help the interviewer understand your experience and skills in manual testing.

    The first question that is often asked is “What do you think makes a good tester?” This question aims at finding out what qualities the interviewee thinks are important for a tester. It’s important to emphasize attention to detail, communication skills, analytical thinking, and problem-solving abilities.

    Another common question is “Can you walk me through your test process?” Here, the interviewer wants to know how you organize yourself when approaching testing activities. Be sure to explain your approach from understanding requirements all through execution and reporting defects found.

    “Have you ever had difficulty reproducing an issue?” This question tests how well candidates can troubleshoot problems and work with developers in resolving them by providing detailed information about the problem reproduction steps.

    Prepare for whiteboard sessions or live scenarios where an interviewer may give examples of software applications or programs that require debugging/testing services. You’ll be required not only to identify issues but also propose solutions on how they could be resolved

    By preparing answers ahead of time for these common interview questions as well as others specific based on job requirements posted by recruiters/employers will boost candidate confidence during interviews while showcasing their capabilities regarding any given role before landing that dream job!

    How to answer interview questions for manual testers?

    By preparing for the most common interview questions and being confident in your skills, you can make a great impression during your manual testing job interview. Remember to highlight not just your technical abilities but also your communication skills, problem-solving abilities, and attention to detail. Also, don’t be afraid to ask questions or clarify any doubts that you have.

    In addition to answering the questions correctly, it’s essential to show enthusiasm for manual testing and demonstrate a willingness to learn and grow in the role. Come prepared with examples of past projects or experiences that showcase your strengths as a manual tester.

    By following these tips and practicing beforehand, you’ll be ready to ace your next manual testing job interview!

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