iam interview questions: 35 IAM Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)


Answers ( 2 )


    Identity and Access Management (IAM) is a process for managing access to IT resources. IAM helps organizations manage their identity infrastructure, enabling them to securely access data and applications.

    What is Identity and Access Management (IAM)?

    IAM is a set of tools that allow you to control and manage your users’ access to resources in your organization. It can be used to provide secure access and enforce security policies, as well as monitor user activity and audit events.

    IAM consists of three main components: Identity Provider (IDP), Service Provider (SP), and Relying Party (RP). The RP is the system that uses IAM services provided by SPs; it interacts with SPs through IDPs. An example would be an employee using their company email address at work but using Google’s GMail account when they’re away from work on vacation or sick leave. In this scenario, the RP would be Microsoft Exchange Server while its SP could be Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) or another identity provider like Okta or Ping Identity–both of which provide single sign-on capabilities via SAML 2 protocol communication between them!

    Why do companies need IAM?

    IAM helps companies manage access to corporate resources.

    • IAM provides a centralized, integrated way to control and track user identities across applications and systems
    • It allows you to track who has what privileges in your environment, so you can revoke them if necessary
    • It also makes it easier for employees to reset their own passwords when they forget them, which will save time on the helpdesk’s end because they won’t have to call in someone else just because one person forgot his or her password

    Explain how the IAM life cycle works.

    It’s important to identify the problem before starting on a solution. This is a good way of ensuring that you’re choosing the right approach and not wasting time or resources on things that will not solve your problem.

    Setting goals is also critical, as it helps you stay focused, motivated, and achieve success in all aspects of life. Goals should be both tangible and realistic; don’t worry about what other people’s goals are–just focus on what YOU want! Be ambitious but stay realistic; for example: if you want to lose weight within 3-6 months (which is very achievable), then set yourself weekly targets such as losing 1 pound per week or exercising 30 minutes every day (or mix them up).

    What are the primary functions of an IAM solution?

    • Identification and authentication.
    • Authorization.
    • Access management.
    • Auditing and reporting, including compliance reporting for SOX, PCI DSS, GDPR and more..

    What are the key components of an IAM solution?

    IAM is a set of policies and processes that ensure that only authorized users can access the resources they need to do their jobs.

    IAM is often confused with identity management, but it’s actually much more than just managing user identities–it includes controlling access to systems and data as well. IAM helps you manage:

    • User accounts (e.g., passwords)
    • Groups (e.g., membership in roles)
    • Roles themselves

    How does identity management differ from access management?

    Identity management is about who you are and access management is about what you can do.

    When you’re managing identities, it’s important to know who has access to what resources in your organization. This helps ensure that people have only the right permissions–or no permissions at all–to perform certain actions on those resources. For example, if an employee needs access to customer data but not payroll information, then their identity should have different levels of permission associated with each type of data.

    Access management can also be used as part of identity management; for example, when an employee loses their password or forgets their PIN number (for logging into a system), they might need help from IT staff members who manage these systems so that they can regain entry into them again through another type of authentication method like using biometrics or security questions/answers instead

    How does integration between cloud and on-premises environments affect your organization’s overall security posture?

    Integration between cloud and on-premises environments affects your organization’s overall security posture in several ways. First, it allows you to have a single point of control for all your IT resources, which makes it easier for the team to maintain compliance with industry standards.

    Second, integration increases visibility into what’s happening across all your systems at any given time. You can use this information to detect anomalies or breaches as soon as they happen so that they don’t snowball into larger issues later on down the line.

    Thirdly–and perhaps most importantly–integration between these two environments means that there are fewer points where sensitive data could be vulnerable to theft or loss due to human error (like accidentally deleting something), hacking attempts by outsiders who want access without authorization (such as phishing scams), etcetera.

    What are the major benefits of a hybrid cloud architecture over private and public clouds alone?

    A hybrid cloud architecture is a mix of public and private clouds, which allows you to take advantage of the benefits of both. You get the flexibility that comes with public cloud services, but also the security and control you need to maintain your company’s data in-house.

    The major benefits include:

    • Reduced costs: You only pay for what you use with a hybrid cloud infrastructure, so there are no upfront investments or long-term contracts required. This means that if your business needs less capacity during certain times (like seasonal slowdowns), then you won’t have wasted money on buying more than what was needed at one point in time. This can also lead to less wasted energy from unused resources being consumed by idle machines at all times due to overcapacity issues caused by large purchases made under previous assumptions about future demand levels being too high rather than too low.* Increased flexibility: Since this type of setup allows for scaling up/down based upon actual demand conditions instead of predetermined projections based upon historical trends alone (which may not always be accurate), companies will benefit from having greater control over their budgets while still getting access when needed.* Enhanced security measures: Since traditional enterprise systems often aren’t designed specifically for cloud environments yet still manage valuable assets such as customer information or intellectual property via those same networks; integrating them together can create potential risks due

    Interview questions for identity authentication management

    • What is Identity and Access Management (IAM)?
    • Why do companies need IAM?
    • Explain how the IAM life cycle works.
    • What are the primary functions of an IAM solution?
    • What are the key components of an IAM solution?

    We hope that this list of IAM interview questions helps you prepare for your next job interview. Remember, it’s important to practice these questions with a friend or family member before going into the actual interview. You should also keep in mind that there are no right or wrong answers–just make sure that whatever answer you give is honest and relevant!


    iam interview questions: 35 IAM Interview Questions (With Sample Answers)


    Identity and access management (IAM) systems are designed to help organizations ensure that users have the right level of permissions to access resources in an efficient and secure manner. IAM systems use a variety of methods for authenticating users, as well as for verifying what they’re allowed to do once they’re authenticated.

    Explain the difference between identity and access management.

    Identity and access management (IAM) is the process of managing user identities and controlling the resources they have access to. The goal of IAM is to manage both the identity and access rights of users in an organization.

    In general, there are two types of IAM:

    • Identity Management – This refers to who you are as an individual or user within an organization. It involves determining who should be given what kind of access rights based on their job function, position within the company structure, etc., while maintaining appropriate levels of security across all platforms (e.g., mobile apps). For example, an HR employee would likely have different levels of authorization than someone working in Finance; therefore their identities must be managed differently according to their role within your organization’s hierarchy structure.* Access Management – This refers specifically toward what resource(s) each person has access too based on whether it’s personal information stored within databases like HR records or financial data stored on servers containing sensitive information such as credit card numbers etc..

    What’s the difference between an IAM system and a user management system?

    IAM is about managing access to things, while user management is about managing users.

    • Identity and Access Management (IAM) systems are designed to provide an organization with the ability to govern the identities by which they interact with the applications and data that are within their environment. This includes both people and devices (e.g., smart phones). User Management focuses on providing a single sign-on experience for its end users, regardless of where they are accessing information or services from within their organization’s network or external networks such as public web sites or social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter.*

    What are some of the common methods used to provide primary authentication?

    Authentication is the process of verifying a person’s identity. There are many different methods used to authenticate users, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Some common methods include:

    • Something you know – This type of authentication requires users to enter a password or PIN number in order to prove their identity. For example, if you want to log into your bank account online, they may ask you for the last four digits of your social security number along with another secret question or answer that only the user should know (e.g., “Where were we when we first met?”). This method provides very good security but can be difficult because people tend not to remember long passwords well enough so that they don’t need help remembering them (e-mailed as reminders).
    • Something you have – With this type of authentication, users must provide something physical with them in order for their identity to be verified by third parties such as websites or service providers (e.g., mobile phone). The most common example would be credit cards which require swiping at point-of -sale terminals before purchases can be completed; however other types exist such as driver licenses issued by states/provinces

    How do you verify who a user is?

    Authentication is the process of confirming the identity of a user. There are several different types of authentication methods, such as password-based and multi-factor. Each method has its own pros and cons, but they all work basically the same way: you provide a piece of information (your username) to verify who you are and then the system checks if you have access to that information in its database.

    If your company uses two-factor authentication (2FA), which is highly recommended for security reasons, then there will be an additional step involved when logging into systems like AWS IAM or Google Cloud Console because these services require users to enter not just their passwords but also one-time passcodes sent via SMS text message or generated by an app like Google Authenticator

    How do you verify that a user is allowed to access something, such as a network or application?

    • To verify that a user is allowed to access something, such as a network or application:
    • I would use an identity and access management system.
    • I would refer to the user by name, which should be unique within the system.
    • I would also refer to the resource being accessed (e.g., “the network”). This could be something like an IP address or DNS name depending on how your company’s network is configured. You might want to check with IT before you go through this exercise so that you can get familiar with how things are set up at your new place of employment!
    • Next up is application or service access–which essentially means any software program that requires authentication in order for users (or other resources) who wish to interact with it successfully must first provide valid credentials before gaining access through whatever authentication method was chosen by IT staff members when designing their security policy guidelines earlier on down line during development stages back when planning out initial architecture design blueprints.”

    What are some of the common ways that IAM systems store data? (examples) Why would we use one over another?

    There are several common ways that IAM systems store data. The most common way is to store it in a relational database, which is typically SQL-based. Relational databases have advantages because they can easily be queried and manipulated using SQL commands, but they also have some disadvantages: they’re not particularly scalable or flexible, and they’re not well-suited for managing large amounts of unstructured data (like documents).

    Another common approach is document stores like MongoDB or CouchDB, which are more scalable than relational databases but don’t support complex queries as easily since they don’t have an enforced schema like relational databases do. They’re also better suited for storing large amounts of unstructured data because their schema isn’t enforced; instead you just add fields as needed when creating new documents in addition to whatever other fields already exist on those documents (if any).

    Finally there are graph databases such as Neo4j or TitanGraph–these allow you query relationships between different objects/nodes without having any predefined structure upfront (unlike a relational database where all tables must follow certain rules).


    Hopefully, this article has helped you prepare for your next IAM interview by giving you a general framework for the kinds of questions that might come up and some examples to use as starting points. If you want more practice or just want to brush up on your knowledge before heading into an interview, we highly recommend checking out some free resources like our own IAM cheat sheet or other articles listed at the end of this post. Good luck!

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